Swedish Registry Study Finds 39.4% COVID ICU & Deaths Associated with Obese Persons

Swedish Registry Study Finds 39.4% COVID ICU & Deaths Associated with Obese Persons

A study led by the University of Gothenburg recently revealed that obesity levels were associated with COVID-19 intensive care during the pandemic’s first wave. The study team found that slightly over 39% of the patients in intensive care units (ICUs) were formally classified as obese, compared with 16% in the general Swedish population. Obese patients with COVID-19 face a higher risk of hospitalization and death.

The recent study was published in the journal PLOS ONE, as the research team sought to investigate if a high body mass index (BMI) associates with the risk of a longer hospitalization stay and/or death for COVID-19 patients.

The Study Design

The research team used the Swedish Intensive Care Registry (SIR) to identify all patients with COVID-19 admitted to the ICUs during the first wave of the pandemic. Some limitations were associated with the Swedish database, including that height and weight were not always reported in the SIR. In those cases, the team provided supplemental information directly from the ICU and second via the Nationwide Passport Register. This latter registry contains information like height, etc.

Findings

The study team found that ...

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