Bristol-Myers Squibb announced results for one of the co-primary endpoints in the ongoing phase 3 study, CheckMate -915, evaluating Opdivo (nivolumab) plus Yervoy (ipilimumab) versus Opdivo alone for the adjuvant treatment of patients who have had a complete surgical removal of stage IIIb/c/d or stage IV (no evidence of disease) melanoma. A statistically significant benefit was not reached for the co-primary endpoint of recurrence-free survival (RFS) in patients whose tumors expressed PD-L1 <1%.
However, the Data Monitoring Committee recommended the company continue the study with no modifications. The study remains double-blinded and will continue to assess the other co-primary endpoint of RFS in the all-comer (intent-to-treat) population.
CheckMate -915 is randomized, placebo controlled, double-blind study and is enrolling patients who have not had prior anti-cancer treatment for melanoma, except surgery for the melanoma lesion(s) and/or adjuvant radiation therapy after neurosurgical resection for central nervous system lesions. The trial randomized 1,943 patients to receive either Opdivo 240 mg intravenously every two weeks and Yervoy 1 mg/kg every six weeks or Opdivo 480 mg every four weeks for one year.
About Opdivo and Yervoy
Opdivo is a programmed death-1 (PD-1) immune checkpoint inhibitor that is designed to uniquely harness the body’s own immune system to help restore anti-tumor immune response. Yervoy is a recombinant, human monoclonal antibody that binds to the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4). CTLA-4 is a negative regulator of T-cell activity.
In October 2015, the Opdivo and Yervoy combination regimen was the first Immuno-Oncology combination to receive regulatory approval for the treatment of metastatic melanoma and is currently approved in more than 50 countries, including the United States and the European Union.
Melanoma is a form of skin cancer characterized by the uncontrolled growth of pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) located in the skin. Metastatic melanoma is the deadliest form of the disease and occurs when cancer spreads beyond the surface of the skin to other organs. The incidence of melanoma has been increasing steadily for the last 30 years. In the United States, 91,270 new diagnoses of melanoma and more than 9,320 related deaths are estimated for 2018. Globally, the World Health Organization estimates that by 2035, melanoma incidence will reach 424,102, with 94,308 related deaths. Melanoma is mostly curable when treated in its very early stages; however, survival rates are roughly halved if regional lymph nodes are involved. Patients in the United States diagnosed with advanced melanoma classified as Stage IV historically have a five-year survival rate of 15% to 20% and a 10-year survival of 10% to 15%.